VMware vSAN: Fast Track [V7] (EDU-VSANFT7)

During this five-day, intensive course, you gain the knowledge, skills, and tools to plan and deploy a VMware vSAN™ cluster. You learn about managing and operating vSAN. This course focuses on building the required skills for common Day-2 vSAN administrator tasks such as vSAN node management, cluster maintenance, security operations, and advanced vSAN cluster operations.

 

You also focus on learning the tools and skills necessary to troubleshoot vSAN 7 implementations and gain practical experience with vSAN troubleshooting concepts through the completion of instructor-led activities and hands-on lab exercises.

 

This course is a combination of the following courses: VMware vSAN: Plan and Deploy, VMware vSAN: Management and Operations, and VMware vSAN: Troubleshooting.

  

Intended Audience

Storage and virtual infrastructure consultants, solution architects, and administrators who are responsible for production support and administration of VMware vSAN [v7]

 

Prerequisites

Completion of the following course is required:

  • VMware vSphere: Install, Configure, Manage or equivalent knowledge


Objectives

By the end of the course, you should be able to meet the following objectives:

  • Describe vSAN concepts
  • Detail the underlying vSAN architecture and components
  • Explain the key features and use cases for vSAN
  • Identify requirements and planning considerations for vSAN clusters
  • Describe the different vSAN deployment options
  • Explain how to configure vSAN fault domains
  • Detail how to define and create a VM Storage policy
  • Discuss the impact of vSAN storage policy changes
  • Describe vSAN storage space efficiency
  • Explain how vSAN encryption works
  • Identify requirements to configure vSAN iSCSI target
  • Detail HCI Mesh technology and architecture
  • Detail vSAN file service architecture and configuration
  • Explain the use cases of vSAN Direct
  • Describe how to setup stretched and two-node vSAN clusters
  • Explain the importance vSAN node hardware compatibility
  • Describe the use of VMware vSphere® Lifecycle Manager™ to automate driver and firmware installations
  • Detail vSAN resilience and data availability
  • Discuss the vSAN cluster backup methodology
  • Describe the vSAN maintenance mode and data evacuation options
  • Define the steps to shut down a vSAN cluster for maintenance
  • Explain how to use proactive tests to check the integrity of a vSAN cluster
  • Use VMware Skyline Health™ for monitoring vSAN health
  • Apply a structured approach to troubleshoot vSAN cluster configuration and operational problems
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Course Outline

1 Course Introduction

  • Introductions and course logistics
  • Course objectives

 

2 Introduction to vSAN

  • Describe vSAN architecture
  • Describe the vSAN software components: CLOM, DOM, LSOM, CMMDS, and RDT
  • Identify vSAN objects and components
  • Describe the advantages of object-based storage
  • Describe the difference between All-Flash and Hybrid vSAN architecture
  • Explain the key features and use cases for vSAN
  • Discuss the vSAN integration and compatibility with other VMware technologies

 

3 Planning a vSAN Cluster

  • Identify requirements and planning considerations for vSAN clusters
  • Apply vSAN cluster planning and deployment best practices
  • Determine and plan for storage consumption by data growth and failure tolerance
  • Design vSAN hosts for operational needs
  • Identify vSAN networking features and requirements
  • Describe ways of controlling traffic in a vSAN environment
  • Recognize best practices for vSAN network configurations

 

4 Deploying a vSAN Cluster

  • Recognize the importance of hardware compatibility
  • Ensure the compatibility of driver and firmware versioning
  • Use tools to automate driver validation and installation
  • Apply host hardware settings for optimum performance
  • Use vSphere Life Cycle Manager to perform upgrades
  • Deploy and configure a vSAN Cluster using Cluster Quickstart wizard
  • Manually configure a vSAN Cluster using vSphere Client
  • Explain and configure vSAN fault domains
  • Using vSphere HA with vSAN
  • Understand vSAN Cluster maintenance capabilities
  • Describe the difference between implicit and explicit fault domains
  • Create explicit fault domains

 

5 vSAN Storage Policies

  • Describe a vSAN Object
  • Describe how objects are split into components
  • Explain the purpose of witness components
  • Explain how vSAN stores large objects
  • View object and component placement on the vSAN Datastore
  • Explain how storage policies work with vSAN
  • Define and create a virtual machine storage policy
  • Apply and modify virtual machine storage policies
  • Change virtual machine storage policies dynamically
  • Identify virtual machine storage policy compliance status

 

6 vSAN Resilience and Data Availability

  • Describe and configure the Object Repair Timer advanced option
  • Plan disk replacement in a vSAN cluster
  • Plan maintenance tasks to avoid vSAN object failures
  • Recognize the importance of managing snapshot utilization in a vSAN cluster

 

7 Configuring vSAN Storage Space Efficiency

  • Discuss Deduplication and Compression techniques
  • Understand Deduplication and Compression overhead
  • Discuss Compression only mode
  • Configure Erasure Coding
  • Configure swap object Thin Provisioning 
  • Discuss Reclaiming Storage Space with SCSI UNMAP
  • Configure TRIM/UNMAP

 

8 vSAN Security Operations

  • Identify differences between VM encryption and vSAN encryption
  • Perform ongoing operations to maintain data security
  • Describe the workflow of Data-in Transit encryption
  • Identify the steps involved in replacing Key Management Server

 

9 Introduction to Advanced vSAN Configurations

  • Identify requirements to configure vSAN iSCSI target
  • Detail HCI Mesh technology and architecture
  • Detail vSAN File Service architecture and configuration
  • Explain the use cases of vSAN Direct

 

10 vSAN Stretched and Two Node Clusters

  • Describe the architecture and uses case for stretched clusters
  • Detail the deployment and replacement of a vSAN Witness node
  • Describe the architecture and uses case for two-node clusters
  • Explain the benefits of vSphere HA and vSphere Site Recovery Manager in a vSAN stretched cluster
  • Explain storage policies for vSAN stretched cluster

 

11 vSAN Cluster Maintenance

  • Perform typical vSAN maintenance operations
  • Describe vSAN maintenance modes and data evacuation options
  • Assess the impact on cluster objects of entering maintenance mode
  • Determine the specific data actions required after exiting maintenance mode
  • Define the steps to shut down and reboot hosts and vSAN clusters
  • Use best practices for boot devices
  • Replace vSAN Nodes

 

12 vSAN Cluster Monitoring

  • Describe how the Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP) enables VMware to improve products and services
  • Use vSphere Skyline Health for monitoring vSAN Cluster Health
  • Manage alerts, alarms, and notifications related to vSAN in vSphere Client
  • Create and configure custom alarms to trigger vSAN health issues
  • Use IO Insight metrics for monitoring vSAN performance
  • Analyse vsantop performance metrics
  • Use vSAN Proactive Test to detect and diagnose cluster issues

 

13 vSAN Troubleshooting Methodology 

  • Use a structured approach to solve configuration and operational problems
  • Apply troubleshooting methodology to logically diagnose faults and optimize troubleshooting efficiency

 

14 vSAN Troubleshooting Tools 

  • Use Skyline Health for vSAN to identify and correct issues in VMware vSAN
  • Discuss the ways to run various command-line tools
  • Discuss the ways to access VMware vSphere ESXi Shell
  • Use commands to view, configure, and manage your VMware vSphere environment
  • Discuss the esxcli vsan namespace commands
  • Use log files to help vSAN troubleshooting